Constitutional and Administrative Law
- Constitution and Constitutionalism: Distinctive features of the Constitution.
- Fundamental rights - Legal Aid; Public interest litigation; Legal services authority.
- Directive principles, Relationship between fundamental rights, and fundamental duties.
- Relation with the Council of Ministers, the Constitutional position of the President.
- Governor, Power of Governor.
- Supreme Court and High Courts: (a) Powers, functions, and jurisdiction, (b) Appointments and transfers.
- Centre, States, and local bodies: (a) Distribution of legislative powers between the States and the Union, (b) Administrative relationship among State, Union, and Local Bodies, (c) Local bodies, (d) Eminent domain - Common property - State property - community property.
- Legislative powers, immunities, and privileges.
- Services under the Union and the States: (a) Conditions of services and Recruitment; Administrative tribunals; Constitutional safeguards. (b) State Public Service Commissions and Union Public Service Commission - Functions and Power(c) Election Commission - Functions and Power.
- Emergency Provisions.
- Amendment to the Constitution.
- Principles of natural justice - Judicial approach and emerging trends.
- Delegated legislation and its constitutionality.
- Constitutional governance and Separation of powers.
- Administrative action and its Judicial review.
- Ombudsman: Lokpal, Lokayukta, etc.
- Nature and definition of international law.
- The relationship between municipal law and international law.
- State succession and State recognition.
- Law of the sea: Territorial sea, Inland waters, Continental shelf, contiguous zone, High seas, Exclusive economic zone.
- Individuals: Nationality, Human rights, and procedures available for their enforcement; statelessness.
- The territorial jurisdiction of States, asylum, and extradition.
- Treaties: Application, Formation, Reservation, and termination.
- United Nations: Its functions, powers, reform, and principal organs.
- Peaceful settlement of disputes - different modes.
- Lawful recourse to force: self-defense, aggression, intervention.
- Fundamental principles of international humanitarian law - Contemporary developments and International Conventions.
- The legality of the use of nuclear weapons; Nuclear - non-proliferation treaty; a ban on the testing of nuclear weapons; CTBT.
- Hijacking, International terrorism, international criminal court, state-sponsored terrorism.
- Monetary law and new international economic order: TRIPS, WTO, GATT, World Bank, IMF.
- Improvement and Protection of the human environment: International efforts