Memorize Important Constitutional Amendments

Create your own Flashcard

Memorize Important Constitutional Amendments

Memorize Import Constitutional Amendments for Civil Services Exams 2021.

20 Cards | Indian Polity

Attempt Now

20 Cards in this Set

Front Back

Seventh Amendment Act, 1956

The provision of having a  common High Court for two or more states was introduced

24th Amendment Act, 1971

The President’s assent to Constitutional Amendment Bill was made compulsory

25th Amendment Act, 1971

Fundamental Right to Property was curtailed

26th Amendment Act, 1971

Privy Purse and privileges of former rulers of princely states were abolished

31st Amendment Act, 1972

Lok Sabha seats were increased from 525 to 545

42nd Amendment Act, 1976

Amendment passed during internal emergency by Indira Gandhi. Provides for curtailment of fundamental rights, imposes fundamental duties and changes to the basic structure of the constitution by making India a "Socialist Secular" Republic.

44th Amendment Act, 1978

Amendment passed after revocation of internal emergency in the Country. Provides for human rights safeguards and mechanisms to prevent abuse of executive and legislative authority. Annuls some Amendments enacted in Amendment Bill 42.

52nd Amendment Act, 1985

A new tenth Schedule was added providing for the anti-defection laws.

61st  Amendment Act, 1989

The voting age was decreased from 21 to 18 for both Lok Sabha and Legislative Assemblies elections

69th Amendment Act, 1991

Union Territory of Delhi was given the special status of ‘National Capital Territory of Delhi.’

73rd Amendment Act, 1992

Panchayati Raj institutions were given constitutional status.

A new Part-IX and 11th Schedule were added in the Indian Constitution to recognize Panchayati Raj Institutions and provisions related to them

74th Amendment Act, 1992

Urban local bodies were granted constitutional status

A new Part IX-A and 12th Schedule were added to the Indian Constitution

86th Amendment Act, 2002

Elementary Education was made a fundamental right – Free and compulsory education to children between 6 and 14 years

A new Fundamental Duty under Article 51 A was added – “It shall be the duty of every citizen of India who is a parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years”

97th Amendment Act, 2011

Co-operative Societies were granted constitutional status:

  • Right to form cooperative societies made a fundamental right (Article 19)
  • A new Directive Principle of State Policy ( Article 43-B) to promote cooperative societies
  • A new part IX-B was added in the constitution for cooperative societies

100th Amendment Act, 2015

To pursue land boundary agreement 1974 between India and Bangladesh, exchange of some enclave territories with Bangladesh mentioned

101st Amendment Act, 2016

Goods and Service Tax (GST) was introduced.

102nd Amendment Act, 2018

Constitutional Status was granted to  National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC)

103rd Amendment Act, 2019

It provides for 10% reservation in government jobs and educational institutions for the economically weaker section in the unreserved category.

The Act amends Article 15 and 16 to provide for reservation based on economic backwardness.

104th Amendment Act, 2019

It extended the reservation of seats for SCs and STs in the Lok Sabha and states assemblies.

Removed the reserved seats for the Anglo-Indian community in the Lok Sabha and state assemblies.

105th Amendment Act, 2019

To restore states' power to make their own OBC lists. Annulling Supreme Court judgement of 11 May 2021.